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night of the long knives: 1962

Night of the Long Knives (1962) is similar to these topics: Eden ministry, Selwyn Lloyd, Alec Douglas-Home and more. [5] He summoned Lloyd to a meeting that evening and informed him that he was to be replaced as Chancellor. In March the rock-solid Tory seat of Orpington, located right next to Macmillan's own seat, turned Liberal as a majority of nearly 15,000 disintegrated. [11] Former Prime Minister Anthony Eden and former Minister Nigel Birch also voiced their disapproval. Macmillan was to last another 18 months in No 10, before taking the opportunity of a health scare to withdraw from power. And when the Department of Defense citation explicitly ties its reference to a "night of the long knives" back to a previous event, it's an event from 1946, not 1934. Macmillan's position improved within a few months of the affair. [12] Despite these voices of dissent, the reaction from most Conservative MPs was positive. [17], Macmillan regretted the way the reshuffle was carried out, and was particularly guilt-ridden over how he treated his former confidante, Lloyd. Week in Review: Tories buckle to fascism in Europe, Local election: Deadlock in a divided country, Week in review: A purge of white middle-aged men? The reshuffle was also an attempt to reinvigorate the party, bringing in younger and more dynamic figures and replacing some of the older and less capable ministers. (a violent removal of a group of people) of right-wing political opponents by the Nazi Party Night of the Long Knives, in German history, purge of Nazi leaders by Adolf Hitler on June 30, 1934. And then, from nowhere, the coverage is interrupted. On the evening of 13 July 1962, Prime Minister Harold Macmillan removed seven Cabinet ministers, including his Chancellor of the Exchequer, Selwyn Lloyd. The next day, the Friday, it was the turn of the other victims. When a Liberal candidate was fielded, such as at the Stockton-on-Tees by-election in April, in a seat Macmillan himself formerly held, the Conservatives saw large numbers of voters desert them for the Liberals. Events overtook him when, on 11 July, Butler lunched with Lord Rothermere, proprietor of several newspapers, including the Daily Mail. A lesson many politicians have taken to heart in the half-century that's now passed. It's half a century to the day since Harold Macmillan suddenly and dramatically replaced one-third of his Cabinet. The power or intent to attack someone in order to force them to stop or change their actions. Macmillan was overtaken by events when Butler leaked the details of the reshuffle to press baron Lord Rothermere over lunch on 11 July. night of the long knives phrase. The speed and scale of the reshuffle caused it to be associated by its critics with the 1934 Night of the Long Knives in Germany. Sound familiar? The press mockingly call it the 'night of the long knives', after Adolf Hitler's brutal move against Ernst Rohm's SA. The reshuffle took place against a backdrop of declining Conservative popularity in Britain. [11] Macmillan was accused of having acted hastily and of being ungrateful in sacking his party's most loyal officials. [5] In all, seven ministers were to be replaced, amounting to one third of the total Cabinet of twenty-one. (John Profumo, as luck would have it, was one of the ministers whom Macmillan did not sack in 1962.) [1] The Conservatives were forced into third place in several by-elections, culminating in the loss of the previously safe seat of Orpington (neighbouring Macmillan's Bromley seat) in a March 1962 by-election victory for the Liberal candidate, Eric Lubbock. It was in actuality a demotion. But it was Macmillan paid the price with the popularity of his parliamentary party. Its Free! A Cabinet reshuffle! Topic. [4] Butler let slip the details of the impending reshuffle, and the following day the Daily Mail broke the plans to the public with the headline "Mac's Master Plan". MacMillan's Conservative Party had won the 1959 general election by a landslide, although as the 1960s progressed, it became apparent that Britain's economy was being outpaced by old WW2 enemies Germany and Japan. Description: The epithet Night of the Long Knives is given to July 13, 1962, when the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan sacked the following members of his Cabinet: He couldn't make him lord chancellor either, as he didn't Lloyd had enough gravitas for the role. While the run of poor Conservative results led to informal talk among party MPs and ministers, no such conspiracy existed. Even Anthony Eden, the former prime minister, spoke out by saying Lloyd had been "harshly treated". Also killed that night were hundreds of other perceived opponents of Hitler. Lloyd and Macmillan had already clashed over economic policy: Lloyd was opposed to an incomes policy and reflation, and his austerity measures were causing discontent. Although they didn't realise it, nothing like it would happen again. The by-election result, announced on 14 March, came one day after the Blackpool North by-election, another former Conservative safe seat; though the Conservative candidate Norman Miscampbell succeeded in holding the Blackpool North seat, the previous majority of 15,587 was reduced to just 973 by the Liberal candidate, Harry Hague. [13], The damage was relatively short-lived. The Mansel Jones citation seems pretty clearly to be alluding back to the w:Night of the Long Knives (Arthurian) (known by various names incorporating references to "long knives" since well before 1934), not the Nazi event AFAICT. He attempted to mollify Lloyd by suggesting that he consider a career in the city as chairman of Martins Bank, and hinted at the possibility of a peerage. Harold Macmillan's reputation was shattered. [17] Liberal fortunes, which rested largely on the unpopularity of these policies, declined thereafter. He again mentioned a conspiracy, suggesting that "Butler had been plotting to divide the party on the Common Market, and bring him [Macmillan] down. [19], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, "The legacy of Macmillan's 'Night of the Long Knives,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. With Conservative unpopularity stemming from economic issues, they discussed replacing Selwyn Lloyd as Chancellor of the Exchequer with Reginald Maudling. Lloyd's equivalent of the pasty tax had been the introduction of a tax on sweets and confectionery, which the opposition and press had painted as a raid on children's pocket money. He couldn't get home, because the ministerial car he had grown so accustomed to was no longer at his disposal.

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